El Salvador Information

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El Salvador Information

Post by Admin on Tue Feb 20, 2018 5:45 am

Area: 20,742 sq. km. 8,008 sq. mi.; About The Size Of Massachusetts.
Cities: Capital-San Salvador population. 1.7 million. Other cities-Santa Ana, San Miguel, Soyapango, and Apopa.
Terrain: Mountains separate country into three regions--southern coastal belt, central valleys and plateaus, and northern mountains.
Climate: Tropical, distinct wet and dry seasons.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Salvadoran(s).
Population (2011 est.): 6.1 million.
Annual population growth rate 2011 est.: 0.32%.
Ethnic groups: Mestizos 90% Ingidenous 1% Caucasian 9%.
Religion (2003 est.): About 57% Roman Catholic, with significant and growing numbers of Protestant groups.
Language: Spanish.
Education: Free through high school. Attendance (grades 1-9)--92.4%. Literacy--86.1% nationally; 77.6% in rural areas.
Health: Infant mortality rate 2011, CIA World Factbook-20/1,000. Life expectancy at birth 2011--73.4 years.
Work force about 2.6 million, 2010: By occupation (2011)--agriculture 21%; retail, hotels, and restaurants 29%; industry 15%; construction 5%; other services 29%.

Type: Republic.
Constitution: December 20, 1983.
Independence: September 15, 1821.
Branches: Executive--president and vice president. Legislative--84-members Legislative Assembly. Judicial--independent (Supreme Court).
Administrative subdivisions: 14 departments.
Political parties (represented in the legislature): Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA), National Conciliation Party (PCN), Christian Democratic Party (PDC), Democratic Change (CD), and Great Alliance for National Unity (GANA).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.


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